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Title Study on the Impact of Agricultural Machinery Custom Hiring Centres Established in Tamil Nadu
Author Name R. Murugesan
Abstract

Custom Hiring Centres (CHC) of agricultural machinery and implements are very helpful for the farming community to increase the net income of the farmers by way of reducing the cost of cultivation through farm mechanization at each and every stage of crop growth in a timely manner. Small and Marginal farmers are not in a position to purchase the higher cost machinery like higher horse power tractors, threshers, harvesters, balers and other equipment. The custom hiring centres formed at block and village level of Tamilnadu helped in increasing the additional area of about 400 to 600 ha under cultivation in their zone of operation. It was estimated that 500 to 600 farmers were benefited by each custom hiring centre. The custom hiring centre benefitted farmers with able to easily dispose the paddy straw from field to market immediately after harvest, with additional income of about Rs.15,000 to 25,000/- per ha. The average income generated by each custom hiring centres in last three years was estimated as varying from Rs.0.5 million to Rs. 1.5 million. On socio economic development side, the different farm implements such as transplanter, multi crop thresher, combine harvester and baler had been bought by the custom hiring centre owners as additional equipment on need based through the income generation by operating the custom hiring centres

Keyword Custom hiring centre , Agricultural mechanization ,
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